The calculation for lagna is as follows to be read with Lahiri Table of Ascendants :-Hr-min-sec Indian standard time time of birth Local mean time correction for Ernakulam. Latitude for Ernakulam 09 deg. The time for Epoch is , which means 7 hours 49 minutes 29 seconds. Difference between signs is 59 minutes. The sub-lord is a calculation by Late Prof. Krishnamurty, who has brought about his own way of prediction in which Sub lord is given more importance.
The sub-lord is nothing but all the nakshatras are divided into 9 as per the Vimshottari dasha system as given below: The longitude of a constellation is 13 deg. For Example, take the constellation Aswhini, longitude of which is 13 deg. The calculation for sub lord of aswhini i. Hence x Ketus Vimshottari dasha divided by years of total Vimshottari dasha.
After Aswini, next Nakshatra is Bharani, whose lord is Venus. Hence the sub-lord starts from Venus. For example if a planet or asc. Falls within to degrees in Aries, we can say the sub-lord of that planet is Ketu. Mob: Note: The above-mentioned characteristics apply to analysis of the charts both Jataka and Prashna. Each Constellation Nakshatra or Star is divided into 4 parts and each quarter known as Charan or Padam.
The representing Alphabet for each quarter or Padam is given hereunder:. Shathatharaka P. Broshtapata Poorattathi - P. Bhadra U. Broshtapata Uthirattathi - U. Bhadra Revathi. Your moon sign The alpahabets that your rashi name starts with Mesha Aries chu , che , cho , la , li , lu , le , lo ,a Vrishabh Taurus ee, uu,ae, o , va , vi , vu , ve , vo Mithuna Gemini ka , ki , ha , ku , gha , rh, ch , ke , ko Karka Cancer hu , he , ho , da , di , du , de , do d pronounced as D in desire Simha Leo ma , me , mu , me , tta , tti , ttu , tte tt as pronounced T in telephone Kanya Virgo to , pa , pi , pu , sh , rhn, tha, pe , po Tula Libra ra , ri , ru , re , ro , ta , ti , tu , te t pronounced as T in Toofan Vrishchik na , ni , nu , ne , no, ya , yi , yu Scorpio Dhanu ye , yo , bh , bhi , bhu , bhe ,dha , pha , rha Sagittarius Makar bho , ja, ji , ju , je, jo , khi, khu, khe,kho,ga , gi Capricorn Kumbha gu, ge , go , saa , si , su , se , so , da d pronounced as D in Daawat Aquarius Meen Pisces di , du , tha , jha , eeyan , de , do , cha , chi d pronounced as D in Daawat.
Abijit Abhijeet Nakshatra is an existing constellation Star - Nakshatra in the stellar system. However, persons born after four hours of Uthrashada Uthiradam nakshatra are said to be part of this Abhijt Abijeet nakshatram. It is considered that Last part or end of 4th quarter in Uthirashada and two hours in the first part of or 1st Charan or Quarter of Shravan are considered as Abhijeet Nakshatram. The 4th lagna from Suns position is called Abhijit lagna. For example if the Sun is placed in Aries on a particular day, the fourth sign from Aries is Cancer.
Hence Cancer is the Abhiji lagna, and so on. For all planets certain positions are considered good while certain position is considered in-auspicious. Malefic planets Sun Mars Saturn Rahu Ketu Benefic planets Jupiter Venus Mercury Moon Good in signs from natal moon during transit 3,6,10,11 3,6,10,11 3,6,11 3,6,11 3,6,11 Good in signs from natal moon during transit 2,5,7,9,11 Average in signs from natal moon during transit Bad in signs from natal moon during transit 1,2,5,7,9,8,12 Rest all Rest all Rest all Rest all Bad in signs from natal moon during transit Rest all Rest all Rest all Rest all.
Saturn -- You are aware that Saturn takes 2 years to cross over one sign and for the entire rashi Chakra it takes 30 years. When Saturn reaches 12th sign from your natal moon the sign in which moon is placed in your original birth chart your Saade saath or elartha shani starts. This will continue till Saturn leaves your 2nd sign from natal moon. So when Saturn transits 12th, 1st and 2nd signs of your natal moon you will be experiencing Saade Sath Shani. The 4th house in an individuals chart signifies the living place of the native.
And the matters related to house are indicated by the planets in the 4th house and also the position of the 4th lord in a chart. Planets play a crucial role in understanding the nature of the directions. Here are few notes on the individual lagna ascendant and the main directions associated with that particular lagna. Rishabha Taurus lagna East is the main direction.
Mithuna Gemini North is the main direction. Kataka Cancer lagna the southeast is main direction. Simha Leo lagna the south is main direction. Thula Libra and Vrichika Scorpio lagna the west is the main direction. Dhanus Sagittarius lagna the northeast is the main direction. Makara Capricorn lagna the south is the main direction.
Kumbha Aquarius southeast is the main direction. Meena Pisces lagna north is the main direction. The books of ephemeries are giving planetary positions for every day or every alternative days at 5. The most read ephemery is the one made by N. In order to erect the horoscope we need to find out the planetary position for any given time and date. For example: Female born on The time lapsed from 5. What is missing in the above Rashi Chakra is the Ascendant or lagna.
Lagnam or Ascendant means the time of birth. There are 12 rashis and 24 hours in a day. Suppose, one person is borne at The calculation for lagna is as follows as per book Table of Ascendants by NC Lahiri:-Hr-min-sec If any planet or Asc falls in Aswini 1st pada I. Suppose one person born on 14 April to 17 april and that case the longitude of sun is 0 deg to then in the navamsa chakra place sun in Aries only.
Once the longidue of Sun is in between to then place Sun in Taurus. The same way for other planets. The same way for other planets who are placed in other stars as per the table above. The transit of planets is very important in predictive part. Following are the planets transit time in a sign. There will be 12 Ascendants in a day, each having approx. The ascendant is always counted from the position of Sun.
For example on April 14th every year Sun enters Aries as per Nirayana. From Sun rise to approx for next hours Asc will be in Aries. Say 8 a. From 8 a. Asc will be in Taurus and so on. Similar way from May 15th every onwards the Asc starts at sun rise at Taurus, since Sun will be in Taurus as per Nirayana. The same way for other signs. Other planets are in direct motion. Of course, Rahu and Ketu are always in retrograde motion. Today is 17th May and Sun is in Taurus at around 2 degrees.
At the time of Sun rise on 17th May , the ascendant lagna shall be at Taurus. At Asc travelled upto Cancer at 16 deg 14 minutes. This is a clue to Asc calculation. Moon or Lunar yogas. Following are the yogas connected with the planet Moon. Anapha yogam When there is a planet excepting Sun, Rahu and Ketu placed in the sign 12th from moon sign, it is called Anapha yogam. Sunapha yogam When there is a planet excepting Sun, Rahu and Ketu placed in the sign 2nd from moon sign, it is called Sunapha yogam.
Durdura yogam When there is a planet, excepting Sun, Rahu and Ketu placed in the signs 12th and 2nd from moon sign, it is called Durdura yogam. Kemadruma yogam When there is no planet placed either in 12th or 2nd from Moon sign, it is called Kemadruma yogam.
The quadrants are 1,4,7, Suppose 1 Jupiter is placed in a sign along with Moon 2 Jupiter is placed in 4th sign from Moon sign 3 Jupiter is placed in 7th sign from Moon sign 4 Jupiter is placed in 10th sign from Moon sign. If any of the above conditions are met, then it is called Gaja Kesari yogam. Jup in 1st from Mon. Mon Jup Gaj Kesari yogam. Jup in 4th from Mon. Gaj means elephant and kesari means lion. The person will have the strength of a lion and brain of an elephant. Can witness full moons in his life time, builder of a town or village, good memory power, intelligent, wise, proud, but adamant in nature, can foresee the future.
Chandra Aadi yogam. The native will be very courageous. May earn in unscrupulous way, mean minded. Worldly wise and materially successful. Kuhu yogam Conjunction of Sun and Moon is stated to be Kuhu yogam. Amavasya yogam When the Moon is placed within deg. The person may have mean mind or poor intelligence. Sakata means wheel.
It is said that the fortune of such native will be like a wheel, which means ups and downs. Vesi yogam When there is a planet excepting the Nodes and Moon placed in the 2nd sign from Sun, it is called Vesi yogam.
If a malefic is posited in 2nd house from Sun then it is called papa vesi yogam. If a benefic planet is posited in the 2nd house from Sun, then it is called subha vesi yogam. Same rule is applicable for Vasi yoga also. Ubhayachari yogam When there is a planet excepting the Nodes and Moon placed in the 2nd and 12th signs from Sun, it is called Ubhayachari yogam.
This makes the native very strong, intelligenet, wise, and entail good longevity When Sun or Mercury is connected with longevity. Surya Mangala yogam. When Sun is placed with Mars it is called Surya Mangala yogam. Surya Chandaala yogam. When Sun is placed with Rahu, it is called Surya Chandaala yogam. If a benefic planet is occupied in the 10th house house of profession then it is called Amala yogam.
The native will be trustworthy, good qualities, can trust him for anything. Benefic planets are Jupiter, Venus, un-afflicted Mercury, strong and unafflicted Moon. Subha means benefic and Kartari means scissors cutting. The significations allocated to such a planet and its lordship gets fortified. Papa means malefic and Kartari means scissors cutting. The significations allocated to such a planet and its lordship gets afflicted. Viparita means reverse.
One hundred and nine Earths would be required to fit across the Sun's disk, and its interior could hold over 1. The Sun's outer visible layer is called the photosphere and has a temperature of 6,C 11,F. This layer has a mottled appearance due to the turbulent eruptions of energy at the surface. Solar energy is created deep within the core of the Sun. It is here that the temperature 15,, C; 27,, F and pressure billion times Earth's air pressure at sea level is so intense that nuclear reactions take place.
This reaction causes four protons or hydrogen nuclei to fuse together to form one alpha particle or helium nucleus. The alpha particle is about. The difference in mass is expelled as energy and is carried to the surface of the Sun, through a process known as convection, where it is released as light and heat. Energy generated in the Sun's core takes a million years to reach its surface. Every second million tons of hydrogen are converted into helium ashes. In the process 5 million tons of pure energy is released; therefore, as time goes on the Sun is becoming lighter The chromosphere is above the photosphere.
Solar energy passes through this region on its way out from the center of the Sun. Faculae and flares arise in the chromosphere. Faculae are bright luminous hydrogen clouds which form above regions where sunspots are about to form. Flares are bright filaments of hot gas emerging from sunspot regions. Sunspots are dark depressions on the photosphere with a typical temperature of 4,C 7,F.
The corona is the outer part of the Sun's atmosphere. It is in this region that prominences appears. Prominences are immense clouds of glowing gas that erupt from the upper chromosphere. The outer region of the corona stretches far into space and consists of particles traveling slowly away from the Sun. The corona can only be seen during total solar eclipses. The Sun appears to have been active for 4.
At the end of its life, the Sun will start to fuse helium into heavier elements and begin to swell up, ultimately growing so large that it will swallow the Earth. After a billion years as a red giant, it will suddenly collapse into a white dwarf -- the final end product of a star like ours. It may take a trillion years to cool off completely.
It is the closest planet to the Sun, and second smallest planet in the solar system. It is even smaller than Jupiter's moon Ganymede and Saturn's moon Titan. If an explorer were to step onto the surface of Mercury, he would discover a world resembling lunar terrain. Mercury's rolling, dust-covered hills have been eroded from the constant bombardment of meteorites. Fault-cliffs rise for several kilometers in height and extend for hundreds of kilometers. Craters dot the surface. The explorer would notice that the Sun appears two and a half times larger than on Earth; however, the sky is always black because Mercury has virtually no atmosphere to cause scattering of light.
As the explorer gazes out into space, he might see two bright stars. One appearing as cream colored Venus and the other as blue colored Earth. Until Mariner 10, little was known about Mercury because of the difficulty in observing it from Earth telescopes.
At maximum elongation it is only 28 degrees from the Sun as seen from Earth. Because of this, it can only be viewed during daylight hours or just prior to sunrise or after sunset. When observed at dawn or dusk, Mercury is so low on the horizon that the light must pass through 10 times the amount of Earth's atmosphere than it would if Mercury was directly overhead. During the 's, Giovanni Schiaparelli drew a sketch showing faint features on Mercury. He determined that Mercury must be tidally locked to the Sun, just as the Moon is tidally locked to Earth.
In , radio astronomers looked at radio emissions from Mercury and determined that the dark side was too warm to be tidally locked. It was expected to be much colder if it always faced away from the Sun. Later in , Goldstein refined the rotation period to be After close observation by the Mariner 10 spacecraft, the period was determined to be Although Mercury is not tidally locked to the Sun, its rotational period is tidally coupled to its orbital period. Mercury rotates one and a half times during each orbit. Because of this resonance, a day on Mercury sun rise to sun rise is Earth days long as shown by the following diagram.
Early astronomers once thought Venus to be two separate bodies. Venus, which is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty, is veiled by thick swirling cloud cover. Astronomers refer to Venus as Earth's sister planet. Both are similar in size, mass, density and volume. Both formed about the same time and condensed out of the same nebula. However, during the last few years scientists have found that the kinship ends here. Venus is very different from the Earth. It has no oceans and is surrounded by a heavy atmosphere composed mainly of carbon dioxide with virtually no water vapor.
Its clouds are composed of sulfuric acid droplets. At the surface, the atmospheric pressure is 92 times that of the Earth's at sea-level.
Venus is scorched with a surface temperature of about C F. This high temperature is primarily due to a runaway greenhouse effect caused by the heavy atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Sunlight passes through the atmosphere to heat the surface of the planet. Heat is radiated out, but is trapped by the dense atmosphere and not allowed to escape into space. This makes Venus hotter than Mercury. A Venusian day is Earth days and is longer than its year of days. Oddly, Venus rotates from east to west. To an observer on Venus, the Sun would rise in the west and set in the east.
Until just recently, Venus' dense cloud cover has prevented scientists from uncovering the geological nature of the surface. Developments in radar telescopes and radar imaging systems orbiting the planet have made it possible to see through the cloud deck to the surface below. As these spacecraft began mapping the planet a new picture of Venus emerged.
Venus' surface is relatively young geologically speaking. It appears to have been completely resurfaced to million years ago. Scientists debate how and why this occurred. The Venusian topography consists of vast plains covered by lava flows and mountain or highland regions deformed by geological activity. Maxwell Montes in Ishtar Terra is the highest peak on Venus. The Aphrodite Terra highlands extend almost half way around the equator. Magellan images of highland regions above 2. However, liquid water does not exist on the surface and cannot account for the bright highlands.
One theory suggests that the bright material might be composed of metallic compounds. Studies have shown the material might be iron pyrite also know as "fools gold". It is unstable on the plains but would be stable in the highlands. The material could also be some type of exotic material which would give the same results but at lower concentrations. Venus is scarred by numerous impact craters distrubuted randomly over its surface.
Small craters less that 2 kilometers 1. The exception occurs when large meteorites shatter just before impact, creating crater clusters. Volcanoes and volcanic features are even more numerous. Hugh lava flows, extending for hundreds of kilometers, have flooded the lowlands creating vast plains. More than , small shield volcanoes dot the surface along with hundreds of large volcanos. Flows from volcanos have produced long sinuous channels extending for hundreds of kilometers, with one extending nearly 7, kilometers 4, miles. Terrestrial calderas are usually only several kilometers in diameter.
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